Essay on Infection Control in Dental Care
Health care professionals, who do not practice proper infection control, can expose multiple bacteria and diseases to others. The main objective is to prevent the transmission of infectious diseases from both patients and health personnel. Today, infection control. Today, infection control is a continuous concern for its. In many cases dental problems in diabetics can lead to loss of teeth. This situation can be prevented to a great extent by becoming aware of the various dental problems caused by diabetes and taking timely preventive steps to avoid them.
The main causes of dental problems are lack of proper dental hygiene and heredity. Diabetes only increases the risk of periodontal. Despite these statistics, it is also known that early childhood caries ECC is highly preventable and can even be reversed with early diagnosis and professional intervention and guidance upon dental visits Beil, Rozier, Preisser, Stearns, and Lee, So, if it is known that regular dental visits correlate with fewer ECC and treatments, then why is it that there is still such a high statistical number of untreated cases?
Although this challenge has many factors associated with it, one. Welcome to Apple Dental The Apple Dental team is dedicated to providing high-quality dental care utilising the most up-to-date materials and techniques available. We offer you excellent service along with superior comfort and care. We welcome the opportunity to help you, your family and your friends achieve excellent, long-lasting dental health. Thank you for taking the time to learn more about our centre, we look forward to taking care of you. Our purpose-built centre has been designed to give. Introduction Early intervention and care can prevent most of the oral health diseases.
Nevertheless, dental caries remains the most common chronic disease among children and adolescents in the United States Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, About In addition to pain and discomfort, untreated deciduous tooth caries can spread to roots and may lead to loss of tooth.
This can subsequently affect. Dental public health programs in the United States operate on federal, state, or local levels. The roles and responsibilities of these programs are directly related to the level of which the program operates.
Both similarities and differences can be seen when comparing dental public health programs with regard to organization, financing and delivery of care. Despite differences in the levels in which different dental public health programs operate, all of the programs share a common, generalized. Dental caries are not only found in the adolescent population, but are also found in adults, due to gums receding throughout the aging process.
This exposes the roots of teeth to the different types of bacteria that cause plaque and tooth decay. Ionising Radiation Medical Exposures Regulations including local rules — X-rays must only be taken when clinically necessary to do so. A lead apron can be worn for protection against radiation. All people in the surgery except the patient must leave the room whilst the x-ray is being taken to ensure nobody except the patient is exposed to radiation.
Acquiring Hepatitis B from a needle-stick injury at work. If you feel you are not trained well enough to carry out a particular job and believe it would be unsafe for you to do so, you should alert the principal clinician so a risk assessment can be carried out and so additional training can be given. Discussing any concern with other employers and the employees contributes to further improvements to health and safety in the work place.
How do you use cleaning products and sterilisation equipment in a safe manner? When gloves when using cleaning products to reduce the risk of skins irritation, e. Wear heavy duty gloves when scrubbing instruments so as to not get a pin prick injury and therefore be susceptible to cross-infection of blood borne viruses or other diseases. When draining the autoclave beware of the extremely hot water as this could lead to severe burns if a spillage occurred and also be aware of hot instruments when they have just come out of the autoclave as they could also lead to severe burns if not left to cool down for long enough.
How could you adjust the following environmental factors to meet the needs of the patient and the procedure?
Explain the purpose of adjusting these factors. Lighting — Increase light intensity for certain intricate treatments, e. Ventilation and Humidity — Open the window so any bad odours from the previous surgery are released and the room is ventilated. Opening the window would ensure the bad smell would go and therefore the next patient would feel more at ease. Explain what decontaminants are effective against the different types of microorganisms. Decontamination is not effective against spores. Give examples of equipment failure and what action you would take in the event of each equipment failure.
In the event of each of the following pieces of equipment failing, the following actions would be taken: Dental chair — Use another surgery if one is available or if not cancel patients and contact the allocated engineer to come out and fix it as soon as possible.
Aspirator — Use another surgery if one is available or if not cancel patients and contact the allocated engineer to come out and fix it as soon as possible. Hand pieces — Put them to one side and use another hand piece. Alert the principal clinician that a new one is needed. Ultrasonic Cleaner — Scrub the instruments by hand, check under magnifier that they are sufficiently clean of any debris and put the instruments through the autoclave.
Infection Prevention and Control
Alert principal clinician of failure. X-ray processing equipment — Alert principal clinician of failure and use another if available.
Autoclave — Alert principal clinician and use other autoclave if available. Instrument washer — Alert principal clinician and use other if available. Ultrasonic bath — Scrub the instruments by hand, check under magnifier that they are sufficiently clean of any debris and put the instruments through the autoclave.
List hazards in the dental surgery and explain the reporting procedure for each and why they should be reported. Herpes Simplex — very contagious, therefore alert dentist and rebook appointment. Damaged Instruments — alert principal clinician and list broken instruments so the principal clinician can replace them. Sharps — must be reported in the accident book, alert principal clinician who will then contact occupation health whereby a blood test will be given to ensure no cross-infection of any disease has occurred.
Explain the reasons why records must be kept in relation the servicing of equipment. Explain the reason for pre-cleaning instruments prior to sterilisation. Chemfil on a flat plastic must be removed using burr brush and put under the magnifier before going into the autoclave to ensure the instrument is completely clean and sterile.
Explain the methods available for testing autoclaves are functioning correctly. Water should be drained and refilled daily.
Inspect door seals and check the door cannot be opened during cycle. What different stages of sterilisation is there? And what equipment is used throughout this procedure? Explain the importance of placing equipment and instruments in the correct location relevant to the different stages of sterilisation. When moving non-sterilised equipment from the surgery to the decontamination room, these should be placed in a plastic box with a lid which should not be removed until the instruments are ready to be scrubbed.
When ready, the instruments must initially be scrubbed using the burr brush if necessary to remove all debris.
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