When using key words to construct questions, tasks and marking schemes, it is helpful to ask what the use of the term in a particular question requires students to do.
Key words are best discussed with students in the context of questions and tasks they are working on, rather than in isolation. It is important to note that examination questions for the HSC will continue to use self-explanatory terms such as 'how', or 'why' or 'to what extent'. While key words have a purpose, they will not set limits on legitimate subject-based questions in examination papers.
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Horizontal Direct Effect of Directives
Official Notices. Glossary of Key Words Display content menu Display portlet menu. Download this page Print this page Share this page. Generally you are expected to label the diagram and in some cases add a brief explanation or description. Discuss: The term discuss, which appears often in essay questions, directs you to examine, analyze carefully, and present considerations pro and con regarding the problems or items involved.
This type of question calls for a complete and entailed answer. Enumerate: The word enumerate specifies a list or outline form of reply.
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In such questions you should recount, one by one, in concise form, the points required. Evaluate: In an evaluation question you are expected to present a careful appraisal of the problem stressing both advantages and limitations.
Evaluation implies authoritative and, to a lesser degree, personal appraisal of both contributions and limitations. Explain: In explanatory answers it is imperative that you clarify and interpret the material you present. In such an answer it is best to state the "how or why," reconcile any differences in opinion or experimental results, and, where possible, state causes.
The aim is to make plain the conditions which give rise to whatever you are examining. Illustrate: A question which asks you to illustrate usually requires you to explain or clarify your answer to the problem by presenting a figure, picture, diagram, or concrete example. Interpret: An interpretation question is similar to one requiring explanation.
You are expected to translate, exemplify, solve, or comment upon the subject and usually to give your judgment or reaction to the problem. Justify: When you are instructed to justify your answer you must prove or show grounds for decisions.
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In such an answer, evidence should be presented in convincing form. List: Listing is similar to enumeration.
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You are expected in such questions to present an itemized series or tabulation. Such answers should always be given in concise form. Outline: An outline answer is organized description. You should give main points and essential supplementary materials, omitting minor details, and present the information in a systematic arrangement or classification.
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Prove : A question which requires proof is one which demands confirmation or verification. In such discussions you should establish something with certainty by evaluating and citing experimental evidence or by logical reasoning. Relate: In a question which asks you to show the relationship or to relate, your answer should emphasize connections and associations in descriptive form. Review: A review specifies a critical examination.
You should analyze and comment briefly in organized sequence upon the major points of the problem. State: In questions which direct you to specify, give, state, or present, you are called upon to express the high points in brief, clear narrative form.
Details, and usually illustrations or examples, may be omitted. Summarize: When you are asked to summarize or present a summarization, you should give in condensed form the main points or facts.
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