Argumentative essay outline help


Section 1: Introduction

In other words, you should avoid simply saying that something is bad and should be changed and provide a bit of detail about why it is bad and should be changed.

Who would benefit if it was changed? Providing this detail gives readers a good sense of what the rest of the paper will discuss. Your thesis should tell your reader why your argument matters, and for whom. Develop a rough outline based on your research notes. Writing an outline before you begin drafting your argumentative essay will help you to organize your information more effectively. You can make your outline as detailed or as scant as you want. Just keep in mind that the more detail you include in your outline, the more material you will have ready to put into your paper.

Generate key terms and phrases to help you with your research. As you develop key terms, keep your topic and your position in mind. Find appropriate secondary sources for your argumentative essay. In order to find support for your argument, you will need to gather a variety of sources. See your assignment guidelines or ask your instructor if you have questions about what types of sources are appropriate for your assignment.

Books, articles from scholarly journals, magazine articles, newspaper articles, and trustworthy websites are some sources that you might consider using. These databases provide you with free access to articles and other resources that you cannot usually gain access to by using a search engine. Evaluate your sources to determine their credibility. Use trustworthy sources only in your argumentative essay, otherwise you will damage your own credibility as an author.

There are several things that you will need to consider in order to determine whether or not a source is trustworthy. The credentials should indicate something about why this person is qualified to speak as an authority on the subject. For example, an article about a medical condition will be more trustworthy if the author is a medical doctor. If you find a source where no author is listed or the author does not have any credentials, then this source may not be trustworthy. If the author has provided few or no sources, then this source may not be trustworthy.

How often does the tone indicate a strong preference for one side of the argument? If these are regular occurrences in the source, then it may not be a good choice. Noting the publication date is especially important for scientific subjects, since new technologies and techniques have made some earlier findings irrelevant.


  1. illegal immigration outline essay.
  2. gender equity research paper?
  3. Steps to Prepare Your Outline;
  4. What Is an Argumentative Essay?.
  5. The Best Way to Create a Powerful Argumentative Essay Outline.
  6. Argumentative Essay Examples: Guide to Your Success!.

If the information that this author presents contradicts one of your trustworthy sources, then it might not be a good source to use in your paper. Read your research. Once you have gathered all of your sources, you will need to read them. Make sure that you read your sources very carefully and that you stay focused on your topic as you read. Read the sources multiple times if necessary and make sure that you fully understand what each source is about. You should be able to summarize the source in your own words and generate a response to the source.

To be certain that you understand your sources and that you are capable of responding to each of them, try writing a paragraph summary and response after you finish each one. Some people find keeping notecards on their sources to be a helpful way of organizing their ideas about each one. Give yourself plenty of time to read your sources and understand what they are saying. Take notes while you read your sources.

1. What is an Argumentative Essay?

Highlight and underline significant passages so that you can easily come back to them. As you read, you should also pull any significant information from your sources by jotting the information down in a notebook. Even accidental plagiarism may result in a failing grade on a paper.

Begin your essay with an engaging sentence that gets right into your topic. Your introduction should immediately begin discussing your topic. Think about what you will discuss in your essay to help you determine what you should include in your introduction. Keep in mind that your introduction should identify the main idea of your argumentative essay and act as a preview to your essay.

Provide background information to help guide your readers. Providing adequate background information or context will help to guide your readers through your essay. Think about what your readers will need to know in order to understand the rest of your essay and provide this information in your first paragraph. This information will vary depending on your argument topic. Tell your readers about this problem in more detail so that they will begin to see why something needs to change.

Keep in mind that your background information in the first paragraph should lead up to your thesis statement. Explain everything the reader needs to know to understand what your topic is about, then narrow it down until you reach the topic itself. Provide your thesis statement at the end of your first paragraph. After you have given your readers some information on the topic and captured their interest, you should provide your thesis.

Providing your thesis at the end of your first paragraph will help to guide your readers through the rest of your essay. Make sure that you state your thesis is a very direct manner, so there is no mistaking that this is your position. Use your body paragraphs to discuss specific parts of your argument. Rather than trying to talk about multiple aspects of your argument in a single paragraph, make sure that each body paragraph focuses on a single aspect of your text.

Your discussion of each of these aspects should contribute to proving your thesis. For each body paragraph, you should provide a claim at the beginning of the paragraph and support your claim with at least one example from one of your sources. For example, you could provide statistics on teen drinking in other countries where the drinking age is lower, or you could summarize an interview with an authority of the subject, or cite an article that explains the psychological basis of this phenomenon. Whatever source s you choose, make sure that they are relevant that they offer convincing support for your claim.

Develop a conclusion for your essay. Concluding an essay is the hardest part of writing for many people, but it may make more sense if you understand the purpose of the conclusion. Your conclusion should emphasize what you have attempted to convince your readers about your topic and either frame or reframe the stakes of your argument. In other words, it should offer a final statement that touches on the major points that you have made in your essay.

Before you write your conclusion, spend some time reflecting on what you have written so far and try to determine the best way to end your essay. There are several good options for ending an argumentative essay that might help you decide how to format your conclusion. For example, you might: Rephrase your thesis.

Rephrase it so that it sounds different but has the same meaning.

Structuring the argumentative essay outline

Summarize some of the most important evidence you have offered in your essay and say remind readers of how that evidence has contributed to supporting your thesis. Synthesize what you have discussed. If you've been tasked with writing an argumentative essay, you're in the right place. This how to guide will show you what such an essay looks like, how they're planned and written, and some examples to give you an idea of how they look. Read on to find out more. An argumentative essay is quite similar to a persuasive essay, as it's designed to convince the reader of your point of view.

The difference is while a persuasive essay may have a certain viewpoint, the argumentative essay will expand on it. For example, a persuasive essay will say that cities should take up more recycling programs. An argumentative essay will say why a certain city should do so, and give examples of how they could do so. If you've been asked to argue for a certain point of view, you'll need to explore your reasons for supporting it, as well as refuting the claims against it. Here's how you could outline your essay:.

Topics for this type of essay can vary a lot, as any subject can use this format. As a rule though, they can often be hot button topics. For example, they could include abortion, border control issues, and the death penalty. If you want to try writing an argumentative essay yourself, try using one of these example questions:. Try giving these topics a go, and writing a few argumentative essays yourself. You'll soon have the skills to write great grading essays, every time.

Please click here if you are not redirected within a few seconds. I am so grateful for this work. I believe as much as it has helped me,so will it help others. This artical was really helpful for me because it shows the whole technique how to write an argumentative essay. In fact, everyone now could write one with such an ease and confidence. This was very helpful. Thank you for this great guide for me. Also for my notes for my writing test. Hi Judith, I'm also a trained academic writer who has become more interested in popular writing. Some of the instructors that I work with have students write a paper in a particular style, but I prefer to view all of the argumentative techniques as part of our "bag of tricks.

Consider what they know and what they believe, including any "false beliefs" that they may hold about your subject. Then think about what it is that you actually want them to think, do, or believe after reading your work. Then look at the different strategies and decide which ones might work to convince that audience best. I have several different articles on persuasion that you might want to look at for ideas and examples. Sisila-I wish you all the best. I have about articles on Hubpages about writing.

I encourage you to keep on learning! English is my second language and struggling with essay writing and an argument essay, I find your advise but time is very short for my assessment test tomorrow.

How to Create a Powerful Argumentative Essay Outline

I will try my best to focus on your advise and see if I can pass on this level for my future study. Many thanks for this very helpful article about argument essay. Miranda--I'm so glad this article has helped you. It really comes from my experience in teaching students to write rather than from a textbook.

My students have taught me a lot! Much luck to you on your courses. Thank you for a really great hub! It's now officially on my 'favourites' bar. I have to do a lot of argument essays at the moment for my course, and I sometimes have a tricky time working out how to structure them - this hub is going to help me so much with making my arguments clearer. Honestly, Dragos--often the best way to get started is just to write down everything you know, then write down questions that occur to you.

If you are doing a research paper, you can then start gathering information based on your questions. I often just start by Googling some of the questions. Often you won't come up with research you can use in your paper, but it can jog you into having some good ideas. In an argument essay, what you really need is:. I pretty much know what has to go in an essay but I'm having a hard time planning my thoughts and writing down ideas on a topic.

I am so happy to see what you have brought to us! I hope everyone who is sittin' around doin' nothin' and complaining about everything will discover these HubPages and join in on what was started during the golden ages of America. Thank You. Thanks so much for reading! I work hard to try to make the process as easy as possible. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages and Hubbers authors may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

HubPages Inc, a part of Maven Inc. As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, owlcation. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so. Virginia Kearney more. What Is an Argumentative Essay? Finding Ideas to Write About Argument essay topics can be found everywhere. Chances are, you will hear someone trying to persuade another person to believe in their claim about: Is it true? What caused this? How important is it? What should we do about it? Fact: Is it true or not? Definition: What does it really mean? Value: How important is it?

Cause and Effect: What is the cause? What are the effects? Policy: What should we do about it? For example: Does divorce cause serious problems for the children? Fact What is "domestic violence? Cause How important is it for couples to avoid divorce? Value What can you do to make your marriage divorce-proof? Proposal Answer: Your question often can be the title of your paper, or it can be the first line of the introduction. How to Start an Argumentative Essay Your introductory paragraph should be crafted around your thesis statement, providing background information needed to understand your argument and presenting pieces of evidence that back up that argument.

Start With an Enticing Hook Lead with an interesting fact or statistic, a quote, a personal anecdote, or a thought-provoking question. Provide Some Background and Context What's the situation? State Your Thesis The background should transition smoothly into your main argument. Introduce Your Evidence The keyword is "introduce. Essay Introduction Ideas Tell a true story. Present a hypothetical situation that illustrates the problem.

Ask a thought-provoking question. State a startling fact or statistic cite a reputable source. Simply explain the problem. Compare and contrast. Use Logos, Pathos, and Ethos The most persuasive essays are ones that have sound logic logos , appeal to the readers' emotions pathos , and speak to their character or morals ethos.

Argumentative Essays

Outlining Your Paper Argument essays are fairly straightforward in their organization. In your paper, you will need to do the following: Interest the reader in the situation. Make them want to learn more about it. Explain the controversy or problem clearly. Explain the different sides of the debate.

Tell them your side. Convince them that your side is the best one to take. Refute any objections they may be thinking about as they read. Urge the reader to adopt your point of view. Introduction Explain the subject, the controversy, and end with your thesis. Here are some tips: Use the title to present your point of view. The title is often your thesis statement or the question you are trying to answer.

Be concise. You're only introducing your argument, not debating it. Think about your audience—what aspects of this issue would most interest or convince them? Appeal to the reader's emotions. Readers are more easily persuaded if they can empathize with your point of view.

Present undeniable facts from highly regarded sources. This builds a lot of trust and generally indicates a solid argument. Make sure you have a clear thesis that answers the question. The thesis should state your position and is usually the last sentence of your introduction. Body The body usually consists of three or more paragraphs, each presenting a separate piece of evidence that supports your thesis. Reasons and support Usually, you will have three or more reasons why the reader should accept your position.

These will be your topic sentences. Support each of these reasons with logic, examples, statistics, authorities, or anecdotes. Anticipate opposing positions and arguments. What objections will your readers have? Answer them with argument or evidence. What other positions do people take on this subject? What is your reason for rejecting these positions? Conclusion The conclusion in many ways mirrors the introduction. Here are some conclusion ideas: Think "big picture. How will they affect the reader or the relevant group of people?

Present hypotheticals. Show what will happen if the reader adopts your ideas. Use real-life examples of how your ideas will work. Include a call to action. Inspire the reader to agree with your argument. Tell them what they need to think, do, feel, or believe. Appeal to the reader's emotions, morals, character, or logic. Classical Aristotelian 2. Rogerian 3. Toulmin You can choose one of these or combine them to create your own argument paper. Classical Argument Strategy This is the most popular argument strategy and is the one outlined in this article.

Here is the basic outline of a classical argument paper: Introduction: Get readers interest and attention, state the problem, and explain why they should care. Background : Provide some context and key facts surrounding the problem. Thesis : State your position or claim and outline your main arguments. Argument : Discuss the reasons for your position and present evidence to support it largest section of paper—the main body.

Refutation : Convince the reader why opposing arguments are not true or valid. Conclusion : Summarize your main points, discuss their implications, and state why your position is the best position. Rogerian Argument. Rogerian Argument Strategy Rogerian argument strategy attempts to persuade by finding points of agreement. Here's the basic outline of a Rogerian argument: Present the issue. Introduce the problem and explain why it should be addressed.

Summarize the opposing arguments. State their points and discuss situations in which their points can be valid. This shows that you understand the opposing points of view and that you are open-minded. Hopefully, this will make the opposition more willing to hear you out. State your points. You won't be making an argument for why you're correct—just that there are also situations in which your points can be valid.

State the benefits of adopting your points. Here, you'll appeal to the opposition's self-interest by convincing them of how adopting your points will benefit them. Toulmin Model of Argument Tutorial. Toulmin Model of Argument Toulmin is another strategy to use in a highly charged debate. It uses this format: Claim: The thesis the author hopes to prove. Example: Government should regulate Internet pornography. Evidence: Supports the claim.

Example: Pornography on the Internet is bad for kids. Warrant: Explains how the data backs up the claim. Example: Government regulation works in other instances. Backing: Additional logic and reasoning that supports the warrant. Example: We have lots of other government regulations on media. Rebuttal: Potential arguments against the claim: Example: Government regulations would encroach on personal liberties.

Example: In most cases, the government should regulate pornography.

The Five Paragraph Argumentative Essay Structure

Exceptions: This further limits the claim by describing situations the writer would exclude. Example: Where children are not involved in pornography, regulation may not be urgent. Questions must be on-topic, written with proper grammar usage, and understandable to a wide audience. Answer: Start with a story which describes why you have this belief. Helpful Question: How do I start an argumentative essay on "There has been a rising voice for Nobel committees to consider gender diversity in addition to work quality when nominating scientists. Answer: You might want to start with telling the recent story of the Chemistry nobel prize given to a woman, Frances H.

Question: How do you write a thesis statement in an argumentative essay? Question: I learned that in every argumentative essay, you begin by opening up the topic. Answer: You open up a topic by giving an example such as a story, a real-life situation, a conversation about the issue, a vivid description of the problem, statistics about the issue, or a personal example.

Helpful 1. Question: I need to write about what suffering does. What should I start with? Answer: Start with a real story about someone suffering. Helpful 4. Question: How do I start an argumentative essay on a current political topic? Answer: The best way to start an essay on a current political topic is to give a background of the situation, or tell a story of a situation which illustrates the point you want to discuss. Helpful 6. Answer: First of all, you need to turn the topic idea into a question that can be answered in more than one way. Here are some possible questions: 1.

What is the cause of the ubiquitous beauty of social media also being its blight? What is the effect of the ubiquitous beauty of social media? What is the importance of the ubiquitous beauty of social media also being a blight? Question: How do I start an argumentative essay with the topic, "should the death penalty be banned as a form of punishment"? Answer: Start with the story of a person who was given the death penalty for a crime they did not commit. Question: How do I start an argumentative essay on the topic, "With the pollution in the city, it's better to live in a village?

Answer: Start with a story about pollution in the city and how it has hurt people who have moved from the countryside. Answer: Conclude your thesis with what you want your reader to take away from your argument. Question: How do I start an introduction to a paper about abortion?

How to Write an Argumentative Essay - A Research Guide for Students

Answer: The best sort of introduction to an emotional issue like abortion is a story. What should a woman in a crisis pregnancy do? How can we best help women who have crisis pregnancies? How can we best advise friends who have a crisis pregnancy? Is abortion ever a right choice? Should we change abortion laws, and if so, how should they be changed? Answer: The easiest way to find a good title is to use a short version of the question. Here are some samples using the topic of diet and obesity: 1. What Causes Child Obesity?

What is the Best Diet? Should Sugar Be Banned in Schools? When is Too Young to Go on a Diet? Answer: I have been teaching my students how to add headings to all of their essays over the past five years because I think most of their writing for their careers will be in online environments. Question: How do I start an argumentive essay on the topic "Americans must realize that happiness does not lie solely in consuming stuff. Answer: Start your paper with statistics or stories about people buying things at Christmastime. Helpful 9.

Question: Can you suggest some argumentative essay topics about euthanasia? Answer: Here are some topic ideas: 1. Is euthanasia ever the right thing to do? What kinds of rights should people have when they are terminally ill? Is euthanasia linked to abortion? Should euthanasia be legalized? Helpful 7. Answer: Start with a story of a kid being bored in class and getting in trouble. Question: How do I start an argumentative essay on the topic, "Do people who commit heinous crimes deserve the death penalty? Answer: You can get the reader's attention by telling a real story about someone who committed a crime that would deserve the death penalty.

Question: How do I start an argumentative essay on the topic, "Does love lead to happiness? Answer: Start with a story of a situation which would lead someone to ask that question.

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